The IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society (SMC) has gone from publishing only on paper to online and paper, to most readership online.
Publications have followed a subscription model. Members and/or subscribers can read our periodicals online.
This is changing in several ways due to governmental and scientific pressure for open access to publications.
There are different levels of open access, platinum, gold, and green for example.
Generally, open access requires article processing charges to produce a paper.
This makes a paper free for readers, but authors pay to publish.
Concurrently, an open science initiative is underway. This effort focuses on replicable research with papers that are complete and code/data available to the public.
The IEEE is supporting this effort through Dockers via Code Ocean and Data Port.
However, there must be a sustainable model to support open access and open science.
I will discuss the perils and opportunities IEEE and SMC faces from the Open Access/Open Science movement.
We may continue to be an important publisher or become a historical footnote in publishing while commercial publishers thrive, or something in between.
The future will be different than the past seems the only certainty.